EITI Report 2013-2014
Albania has a longstanding history in mining with significant mineral deposits of chromium, nickel, copper, limestone etc. Geological studies carried out from 1945 to 1995, revealed substantial deposits of chromium ore, ferronickel, copper, bitumen, and non-metallic minerals such as limestone and decorative stones etc.
Mining industry development in Albania has passed through three main stages:
- The first stage includes the period up to the end of World War II, which marked by two important events: compilation of the first Geological Map of Albania in 1922, and approval of the first Mining Law in 1929.
- In the second stage (1944-1994), the mining activity has been organized in state-owned enterprises.
- The third stage includes the period from 1994 up to date, when the sector opened to mining’s operations privatization, after the approval of Albanian Mining Law.
As a traditional mining country, Albania contains an increasing number of medium, small-scale mining and quarry companies, and only a couple of large-scale industrial mining companies. In November 2015, AKBN reported 600 mining licenses, whereas 112 licensees were extracting chromium ore in Bulqiza mines.
Mining production was estimated at USD 140.9 million in 2013 and USD 175.5 million 2014.
Chromium contributed at the largest share with about 72% of domestic mining output in 2013. This share increased to 76% of domestic mining output in 2014. Limestone and other construction minerals represented the second largest group of minerals after chromium. Their share in the domestic mining output counted at 14% in 2013 and 12% in 2014.
Mining sector employed about 3,800 staff in 2013 (0.3% of total registered workforce) and 4,300 staff in 2014 (0.4% of total registered workforce). Chromium sector employed about 59% of mining workforce in 2013 and 69% in 2014.
The sector known contribution accounted at minimum for 0.7% of total revenue in the national budget in both years.